Viable System Model
Espejo and Antonia Gill
This paper introduces the Viable System Model (VSM) created by Stafford Beer. The VSM provides an alternative approach to organization structure and relationships that explains how the organization works rather than who reports to who in the typical command and control hierarchical structure.
cybernetics, Stafford Beer, effective organization, recursion, organization structure, managing complexity, balancing variety, five systems for viability, implemention, co-ordination, monitoring-control, intelligence, policy, flexible, business units, autonomous systems, primary activities, management cybernetics, BPR.
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S. Beer, Diagnosing the System for Organizations, Wiley, Chichester (1985)
R. Espejo and R.
Harnden, The Viable Systems Model - Interpretations and Applications
of Stafford Beer’s VSM, Wiley, Chichester (1989)
For a software based learning tool to support the Viable System Model see ViPlan Learning System.
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